Crime and justice chart of the week

Chart: For most offences prison is the exception, not the rule

Of the 663,000 non-motoring offences for which people were sentenced in 2018, only about 11% resulted in a prison sentence. Some convictions, like rape and robbery, almost always result in a prison sentence (at least for adult offenders), while other offences very rarely result in imprisonment. larger image | annotated R code to produce this chart Data source: Ministry of Justice, 2019

Chart: Almost 7 million adults have been victims of partner abuse

Among the 42 million adults in England and Wales aged between 16 and 74, 1.3 million have been sexually assaulted by a current or former partner, 4.3 million subjected to non-sexual assault and 2.3 million have been stalked. In every category, at least twice as many women as men have been victimised. larger image | annotated R code to produce this chart Data source: Crime Survey for England and Wales, 2018

Chart: Police cuts haven't hit everywhere equally

There are almost 22,000 fewer police officers in England and Wales than in 2010, but numbers haven’t dropped equally across police forces. One force (Surrey) has the same number of officers now as 10 years ago, while officer numbers in forces like Humberside are increasing after steep cuts. But in almost half of forces, numbers are still falling despite a decade of often above-average cuts already. larger image | annotated R code to produce this chart

Chart: Fewer people are victims of common crimes than 30 years' ago

Across many common crime types, fewer people are victims now than 30 years’ ago. For example, for every 100 people who were a victim of vehicle-related theft at least once in 1987, only 25 people were a victim at least once in 2018. However, many of these crime types now appear to becoming slightly more common again. larger image | annotated R code to produce this chart Data source: Crime Survey for England and Wales, 2019